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All you need to Know about the Process of Floor Formation

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All you need to Know about the Process of Floor Formation

The process of floor formation is complex, like a building, involving various steps. In building formation, resources that should be used are manpower, water, material, etc. Ensure the availability of materials like cement, sand, and crush.

 The availability of tools is also very much necessary in these making processes. So, like the whole building, a part of the formation, like the floor, requires all the resources and tools.

Steps of Floor Formation

Various steps involved in floor making processes. It seems a simple part in building formation, but when we get into detail it is more complex and involves each thing to notice. Some steps are short and some are hectic but both need attention equally.

Let’s get into detail of each and every step by simply covering the manufacturing process:


1. Soil Dump

First and foremost, step is to dump a good amount of soil in order to make a required plinth level. In the first step consider tile floor cleaning, because the slope of the soil dump should be on the side of drainage. Soil can be brought from any near and far places.

Mostly soil from far places involves carriage cost which is more than the soil present nearby. In nearby areas, soil is taken by hand or machine digging. Extracted soil can include the charges of digging but carriage is minimal as compared to the Soil Available Far away area.

2. Leveling

Leveling is another important step; it includes compassion for dumped soil. The soil that is being dumped is compacted using a manual or mechanical roller. Roller is heavyweight machinery used to compact soil.

A slope is provided to provide a drainage path to the water. This is what leveling is meant for. These levels and slopes can be maintained and obtained by using different equipment like hand level, wooden float or steel float.

3. Sand Layer

A heavy layer of sand is required after the soil compaction. This sand layer helps to increase porosity. It is meant to stop consolidation. Water applied to the layer can easily penetrate through the sand layer and not cause any blockage.

Sand is known for its high level of porosity, which is why it’s suitable for this action and purpose.

4. Paste Formation

The paste is made from cement and sand. It is mostly made of white cement, which is more expensive than ordinary Portland cement. We can add pigment to the white cement if required. The tiles were obtained from mountains through abrasive blasting equipment.

5. Tiles Insertion

Tile insertion is the last step in the floor formation process. In this process we used the paste that we made from white cement as an adhesive material for Tiles insertion. Firstly, the paste is applied to the area, and then tiles are inserted into it. The tiles should be on level and should have slope.

These slopes can be checked by hand level. If it’s a wide area, we can use an auto level, theodolite, or total station. The most simple method is water level.


Although Floor formation includes complex procedures, the experienced manpower will help to achieve desired result without any trouble. The above-explained process is what is mostly followed in daily life. This procedure is common; everyone knows how to do it.

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